Health

acth stimulation test

ACTH (Cosyntropin) Stimulation Test

ACTH (Cosyntropin) Stimulation Test What is the ACTH (cosyntropin) stimulation test? Your pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland located at the base of your brain. It produces many types of hormones, including the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands, which sit atop the kidneys, to release two hormones: cortisol and adrenaline (also known …

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Areflexia

Areflexia: Definition | Detrusor | Causes | Treatment

Areflexia What is areflexia? Areflexia is a condition in which your muscles don’t respond to stimuli. Areflexia is the opposite of hyperreflexia. That’s when your muscles overreact to stimuli. A reflex is an involuntary and rapid movement of a part of your body in response to a change in the environment (stimuli). People with areflexia don’t …

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Big Testicles

Big Testicles: What Does It Mean to Have Large Testicles

Are My Testicles Too Large, and Should I Be Worried? Overview The testicles are oval-shaped organs covered by a pouch of skin called the scrotum. They’re also referred to as the testes. The testicles are held in place by spermatic cords, which are made of muscle and connective tissue. The testicles’ main job is to produce sperm …

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Toxic Megacolon

Toxic Megacolon: Symptoms | Causes | Treatment

Toxic Megacolon What is toxic megacolon? The large intestine is the lowest section of your digestive tract. It includes your appendix, colon, and rectum. The large intestine completes the digestive process by absorbing water and passing waste (stool) to the anus. Certain conditions can cause the large intestine to malfunction. One such condition is toxic …

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Rose Thorns

Rose Thorns: A Risk for Bacterial and Fungal Infection

Rose Thorns and Infection Overview The beautiful rose flower tops a green stem that has sharp outgrowths. Many people refer to these as thorns. If you’re a botanist, you might call these sharp outgrowths prickles, as they’re part of the outer layer of the plant’s stem. They don’t meet the strict definition of thorns, which …

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E-Stim

E-Stim: What It Is, How It Works, and Why It May Help You

Is E-Stim the Answer to Your Pain? Overview Whether you’re recovering from an injury or stroke or dealing with the pain of fibromyalgia or another condition, you may benefit from a physical therapy procedure called electrical stimulation, or e-stim. E-stim sends mild electrical pulses through the skin to help stimulate injured muscles or manipulate nerves …

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Iron Infusion

Iron Infusion: Benefits, Side Effects, and What to Expect

What to Expect from an Iron Infusion Overview Iron infusion is a procedure in which iron is delivered to your body intravenously, meaning into a vein through a needle. This method of delivering medication or supplementation is also known as an intravenous (IV) infusion. Iron infusions are usually prescribed by doctors to treat iron deficiency anemia. …

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Butterfly Needle

Butterfly Needle for Blood Draw: How It Works and Why It’s Used

The Butterfly Needle: What to Expect Overview A butterfly needle is a device used to access a vein for drawing blood or giving medications. Some medical professionals call a butterfly needle a “winged infusion set” or a “scalp vein set.” The set gets its name because there are plastic “wings” on either side of a …

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